What happens in the body?

Diabetes is a chronic condition that happens when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your blood cells to be used for energy.

Our organs and cells need glucose to function properly.

Diabetes can damage our organs and increases the risk of heart disease, strokes and blindness.

There are two different kinds of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes: the symptoms appear suddenly and it normally develops in childhood or adolescence. This kind of diabetes is normally genetic.

  • Type 2 diabetes: symptoms develop slowly, so we may not even know we have the disease which is typically caused by an unhealthy lifestyle.


The most common symptoms are extreme tiredness, blurry vision, itchy skin, sores that don’t heal, needing to urinate often, sudden weight loss (for no reason), hunger even after eating, tingling in hands or feet.

These symptoms may appear gradually and you may not have all these symptoms which may mean you may be ill for some time before you are diagnosed with diabetes. That’s why regular health checks are importa